新闻标题: 吴   凯
发布时间: 2008年11月24日 阅读次数:2838    

吴 凯

长江教授
学 科:物理化学
研究方向:表面与材料科学
电话/传真:+86-10-62754005

电子信箱:kaiwu@pku.edu.cn
课题组主页:www.chem.pku.edu.cn/wukai/index.htm
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学术简历

1983-1987,浙江大学,理学学士学位
1987-1991,中国科学院大连化学物理研究所,理学博士学位
1992-1995,大连化物所催化基础国家重点实验室,助理/副研究员
1995-1998,德国马普协会Fritz-Haber研究所,访问科学家
1998-2000,美国能源部太平洋西北国家实验室,博士后
2000-至今,北京大学化学与分子工程学院,教授

获奖情况

1995年,中科院自然科学三等奖
2001年,国家杰出青年基金获得者
2008年,北京大学宝洁奖教金

学术兼职

Advanced Functional Materials顾问编委
《物理化学学报》、《催化学报》、《化学学报》和《科学通报》等编委
第十三届“中国化学会全国催化委员会”委员
中国化学会物理化学委员会委员
中国物理学会“表面与界面委员会”委员

研究兴趣

利用表面和界面的结构、反应性和周期性来控制分子/原子簇的组装和功能材料的表面生长。表面结构也可用于调节表面电子性质,进而调变分子的吸附和活化。人们也可以通过设计新的表面结构来控制和调节分子的表面吸附与活化,此之谓化学反应的表面调节。这些研究对于表面反应调节、表面配位、表面图案化与加工、能量转换等具有重要的意义。
利用功能分子的自组装在表面上产生有序图案。这些分子通常通过范德华力、氢键、静电相互作用、偶极作用以及配位作用而聚集在一起。经过一定的功能化处理,金属原子/离子可以被引入到各种表面分子结构中,它们的电子自旋及相互作用就可以通过这些结构的对称性、配位数和金属原子/离子间距的改变而得到调控。这对于研究电子自旋相关的现象具有重要的学术价值。  

研究方向

1) 纳米功能材料的表面生长与控制;
2) 纳米晶体的表面性质;
3) 固体表面的分子非催化活化;
4) 分子自组装与组装调控的化学反应;
5) 表面上的电子自旋状态的设计、控制与利用

近期论文选列

  1.  J. Yin, J. Yan, M. He, Y.L. Song, X.G. Xu, K. Wu, and J. Pei, “Solution-Processable Flower-Shaped Hierarchical Structures: Self-Assembly, Formation, and State Transition of Biomimetic Superhydrophobic Surfaces”, Chemistry - A European Journal, 2010, in press.
  2. J.F. Yu, Y. Wang, W. Wen, D.H. Yang, B. Huang, J.L. Li, and K. Wu, “Aluminothermal Reaction Approach for Micro/Nanofabrications: Syntheses of In2O3 micro/nanostructures and InN octahedral nanoshells”, Advanced Materials, 22 (2010) 1479.
  3. J.F. Yu, F. Wang, Y. Wang, H. Gao, J.L. Li and K. Wu, “Interfacial Reaction Growth Approach to Preparing Patterned Nanomaterials and Beyond”, Chemical Society Reviews, 39 (2010) 1513.
  4. H.L. Liang, Y. He, Y.C. Ye, X.G. Xu, F. Cheng, W. Sun, X. Shao, Y.F. Wang, J.L. Li and K. Wu, “Two-dimensional Molecular Porous Networks Constructed by Surface Assembling”, Coordination Chemistry Reviews, 253 (2009) 2959.
  5. X.G. Xu, J. Yin, H. Li, Y. Zhou, J.L. Li, J. Pei and K. Wu, “Self-assembly of Benzodithiophene Derivatives on Graphite: Effects of Substitution Alkoxy Chain Number and Location”, Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 113 (2009) 8844.
  6. R.C. Bell, K. Wu, M.J. Iedema, G.K. Schenter and J.P. Cowin, “The Oil-Water Interface: Mapping the Solvation Potential”, Journal of American Chemical Society, 131 (2009) 1037.
  7. F. Wang, Y. Wang, J.F. Yu, Y.C. Xie, J.L. Li and K. Wu, “Template-assisted Preparations of Crystalline Mo and Cu Nanonets”, Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 112 (2008) 13121.
  8. S.N. Qu, X.F. Chen, X. Shao, F. Li, H.Y. Zhang, H.T. Wang, P. Zhang, Z.X. Yu, K. Wu, Y. Wang and M. Li, “Self-assembly of highly luminescent bi-1,3,4-oxadiazole derivatives through electron donor–acceptor interactions in three-dimensional crystals, two-dimensional layers and mesophases”, Journal of Materials Chemistry, 18 (2008) 3954.
  9. H.F. Wang, R.C. Bell, M.J. Iedema, G.K. Schenter, K. Wu and J.P. Cowin, “Pyroelectricity of Water Ice”, Journal of Physical Chemistry B, 112 (2008) 6379.
  10. J. Luo, T. Lei, X.G. Xu, F.M. Li, Y.G. Ma, K. Wu, and J. Pei, “Three-Dimensional Shape-Persistent Fluorescent Nanocages: Facile Dynamic Synthesis, Photophysical Properties, and Surface Morphologies”, Chemistry- A European Journal, 14 (2008) 3860.
  11. R. C. Bell, K. Wu, M. J. Iedema and J. P. Cowin, “Hydronium Ion Motion in Nanometer 3-methylpentane Films”, Journal of Chemical Physics, 127 (2007) 024704.
  12. Q. Liao, Y. Wang, J.L. Li, K. Wu, X.-C. Ai, and J.-P. Zhang, “Spatially Confined Light Output of a Crystalline Zinc Oxide Nanonet Laser”, Applied Physics Letters, 91 (2007) 041103.
  13. Y.C. Ye, W. Sun, Y.F. Wang, X. Shao, X.G. Xu, F. Cheng, J.L. Li and K. Wu, “A Unified Model: Self-Assembly of Trimesic Acid on Gold”, Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 2007, 111, 10138 (Cover Paper).
  14. X. Shao, X.C. Luo, X.Q. Hu and K. Wu, “Chain-Length Effects on Molecular Conformation in and Chirality of Self-Assembled Monolayers of Alkoxylated Benzo[c]cinnoline Derivatives on Highly Oriented Pyrolytic Graphite”, Journal of Physical Chemistry B, 110 (2006) 15393.
  15. Y.F. Wang, Y.C. Ye and K. Wu, “Adsorption and Assembly of Copper Phthalocyanine on Cross-linked TiO2(110)-(1×2) and TiO2(210)”, Journal of Physical Chemistry B, 110 (2006) 17960.
  16. T.G. Xu, C. Zhang, X. Shao, K. Wu, Y.F. Zhu, “Monomolecular-Layer Ba5Ta4O15 Nanosheets: Synthesis and Investigation of Photocatalytic Properties”, Advanced Functional Materials, 16 (2006) 1599.
  17. Y. Wang, Q. Liao, H. Lei, X.P. Zhang, X.C. Ai, J.P. Zhang, K. Wu, “Interfacial Reaction Growth: Morphology, Composition and Structure Controls in Preparation of Crystalline ZnxAlyOz Nanonets”, Advanced Materials, 18 (2006) 943.
  18. X. Shao, X.C. Luo, X.Q. Hu and K. Wu, “Solvent Effect on Self-assembled Structures of 3,8-Bis-hexadecyloxy-benzo[c]cinnoline on Highly Oriented Pyrolytic Graphite”, Journal of Physical Chemistry B, 110 (2006) 1288.
  19. Y.F. Wang, Y.C. Ye and K. Wu, “Simultaneous Observation of the Triangular and Honeycomb Structures on Highly Oriented Pyrolytic Graphite at Room Temperature: an STM Study”, Surface Science, 600 (2006) 729.
  20. X.R. Zhang, Y.F. Wang, Y. Ma, Y.C. Ye, Y. Wang and K. Wu, “Solvent-stabilized Oxovanadium Phthalocyanine Nanoparticles and Their Application in Xerographic Photoreceptors”, Langmuir, 22(2006)344.
  21. Y. Wang and K. Wu, “As a Whole: Crystalline Zinc Aluminate Nanotube Array – Nanonet”, Journal of American Chemical Society, 127 (2005) 9686.
  22. C. Mu, Y.X. Yu, R.M. Wang, K. Wu, D.S. Xu and G.L. Guo, “Uniform Metal Nanotube Arrays by Multi-step Template Replication and Electrodeposition”, Advanced Materials, 16 (2004) 1550.
  23. H. Gao, X.B. Wu, J.T. Li, G.T. Wu, J.Y. Lin, K. Wu and D.S. Xu, “Hydrogen Adsorption of Open-Tipped Insufficiently Graphitized Multiwalled Carbon Nanotubes”, Applied Physics Letters, 83(2003) 3389.
  24. H. Gao, C. Mu, F. Wang, D.S. Xu, K. Wu, Y.C. Xie, S. Liu, E.G. Wang, J. Xu and D.P. Yu, “Field emission of large-area and graphitized carbon nanotube array on anodic aluminum oxide template”, Journal of Applied Physics, 93 (2003) 5602.


院  士
百人计划
长江学者
国家杰出青年基金获得者
研究部召集人

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